Sony Patent | Hrtf Measurement Method, Hrtf Measurement Device, And Program

Patent: Hrtf Measurement Method, Hrtf Measurement Device, And Program

Publication Number: 20200068334

Publication Date: 20200227

Applicants: Sony

Abstract

The present technology relates to an HRTF measurement method, an HRTF measurement device, and a program which can more simply acquire a head-related transfer function of an individual. The HRTF measurement device displays an image indicating a target direction that a user is to face. In a case where a front direction of the user and the target direction are matched, the HRTF measurement device outputs a measurement sound from a speaker and measures an HRTF on the basis of a result of receiving the measurement sound through a microphone mounted on an ear of the user. The present technology can be applied to, for example, a device which measures a head-related transfer function and the like.

TECHNICAL FIELD

[0001] The present technology relates to an HRTF measurement method, an HRTF measurement device, and a program, and particularly to an HRTF measurement method, an HRTF measurement device, and a program which can more simply acquire a head-related transfer function of an individual.

BACKGROUND ART

[0002] In recent years, recording, transmitting, and reproducing of spatial information from the surroundings are developed and come into use in the voice fields. At the super high definition, a three-dimensional multi-channel sound of 22.2 channels is planned for broadcasting. Furthermore, in the field of virtual reality, signals surrounding the entire circumference are reproduced in voice as well in addition to images surrounding the entire circumference.

[0003] As a method of reproducing sound information from the whole periphery, a method of arranging speakers around the whole periphery is considered. However, it is considered that the sound information is limited to movie theaters, large-scale facilities, and the like from the aspect of installation scale and cost, but is not able to be provided to ordinary homes. A binaural reproduction technique using a headphone is attracting attention.

[0004] This binaural reproduction technique is commonly referred to as an auditory display (hereinafter referred to as a virtual auditory display (VAD)), and is realized using a head-related transfer function (HRTF).

[0005] The head-related transfer function expresses information associated with sound transmission from every direction surrounding a human head up to both eardrums as a function of a frequency and an incoming direction. In a case where an HRTF from a predetermined direction is synthesized with a target voice, and posted through a headphone, a listener is perceived not as if the sound arrived from the headphone but from the direction of the HRTF used. The auditory display (VAD) is a system using such a principle.

[0006] If virtual speakers are realized using the auditory display, the reproduction using a number of speaker array systems which are actually difficult in practice can be realized by the posting through the headphone.

[0007] However, the characteristics of the head-related transfer function used in the auditory display are determined by reflection and refraction of an auricula and a head. Therefore, an individual difference is caused by a difference in auriculae or head shapes. Therefore, the use of the head-related transfer function of an individual is important for correct perception and localization of a sound field.

[0008] In order to acquire of the head-related transfer function of an individual, for example, there is a measurement method using the spherical speaker array and the like (for example, see Patent Document 1).

CITATION LIST

Patent Document

[0009] Patent Document 1: Japanese Patent Application Laid-Open No. 2007-251248

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

Problems to be Solved by the Invention

[0010] However, a measurement method using the spherical speaker array and the like has a problem in practical use because a large-scaled device is required and the cost is increased.

[0011] The present technology has been made in view of such situations, and an object thereof is to simply acquire a head-related transfer function of an individual.

Solutions to Problems

[0012] An HRTF measurement method according to an aspect of the present technology includes: displaying, by an HRTF measurement device, an image indicating a target direction that a user is to face; and in a case where a front direction of the user and the target direction are matched, outputting a measurement sound from a speaker to measure an HRTF on the basis of a result of receiving the measurement sound through a microphone mounted on an ear of the user.

[0013] An HRTF measurement device according to an aspect of the present technology includes: a display control unit which displays an image indicating a target direction that a user is to face; and an HRTF measurement unit which outputs a measurement sound from a speaker in a case where a front direction of the user and the target direction are matched, and measures an HRTF on the basis of a result of receiving the measurement sound through a microphone mounted on an ear of the user.

[0014] A program according to an aspect of the present technology causes a computer to execute a process including: displaying an image indicating a target direction that a user is to face; and in a case where a front direction of the user and the target direction are matched, outputting a measurement sound from a speaker to measure an HRTF on the basis of a result of receiving the measurement sound through a microphone mounted on an ear of the user.

[0015] According to an aspect of the present technology, an HRTF measurement device displays an image indicating a target direction that a user is to face. In a case where a front direction of the user and the target direction are matched, a measurement sound is output from a speaker to measure an HRTF on the basis of a result of receiving the measurement sound through a microphone mounted on an ear of the user.

[0016] Further, the program may be provided by transmission through the transmission medium, or recorded in a recording medium.

[0017] The HRTF measurement device may be an independent device, or may be an inner block which is a component of one device.

Effects of the Invention

[0018] According to an aspect of the present technology, a head-related transfer function of an individual can be more simply acquired.

[0019] Further, the effects described herein are not necessarily limited, and may be any one of the effects described in the present disclosure.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF DRAWINGS

[0020] FIG. 1 is a diagram for describing a binaural reproduction technique.

[0021] FIG. 2 is a diagram for describing an experimental result to verify an effect of the head-related transfer function of a user himself (herself).

[0022] FIG. 3 is a diagram for describing an experimental result to verify an effect of the head-related transfer function of the user himself (herself).

[0023] FIG. 4 is a diagram for describing an experimental result to verify an effect of the head-related transfer function of the user himself (herself).

[0024] FIG. 5 is a diagram for describing another measurement method of a head-related transfer function.

[0025] FIG. 6 is a diagram for describing another measurement method of the head-related transfer function.

[0026] FIG. 7 is a diagram illustrating a configuration of a first embodiment of an HRTF measurement system to which the present technology is applied.

[0027] FIG. 8 is a diagram for describing a procedure of the HRTF measurement.

[0028] FIG. 9 is a block diagram illustrating a detailed configuration of the HRTF measurement system of the first embodiment.

[0029] FIG. 10 is a flowchart for describing an HRTF measurement process of the first embodiment.

[0030] FIG. 11 is a diagram illustrating images in a front direction and a target direction of the user.

[0031] FIG. 12 is a diagram illustrating a display example according to a difference between the front direction of the user and the target direction.

[0032] FIG. 13 is a diagram illustrating a display example in a case where the target direction is out of a field of view.

[0033] FIG. 14 is a diagram for describing a roll.

[0034] FIG. 15 is a diagram illustrating images indicating the front direction of the user and the target direction, the image including roll information.

[0035] FIG. 16 is a diagram illustrating a feedback display example of a degree of matching related to a direction.

[0036] FIG. 17 is a diagram illustrating a feedback display example of a degree of matching related to a roll.

[0037] FIG. 18 is a diagram illustrating a feedback display example in a case where both the roll and the direction are matched.

[0038] FIG. 19 is a diagram illustrating a configuration of a second embodiment of an HRTF measurement system to which the present technology is applied.

[0039] FIG. 20 is a block diagram illustrating a detailed configuration of the HRTF measurement system of the second embodiment.

[0040] FIG. 21 is a flowchart for describing an HRTF measurement process of the second embodiment.

[0041] FIG. 22 is a diagram illustrating a display example where distance information is fed back.

[0042] FIG. 23 is a diagram illustrating a display example where position information of the vertical and lateral directions is fed back.

[0043] FIG. 24 is a block diagram illustrating a configuration example of an embodiment of a computer to which the present technology is applied.

MODE FOR CARRYING OUT THE INVENTION

[0044] Hereinafter, modes (hereinafter, referred to as embodiments) for carrying out the present technology will be described. Further, the description will be given in the following order. [0045] 1. Binaural Reproduction Technique [0046] 2. Experimental Result to Verify Effects of Head-Related Transfer Function of User Himself (Herself) [0047] 3. First Embodiment of HRTF Measurement System [0048] 4. Second Embodiment of HRTF Measurement System [0049] 5. Modifications [0050] 6.* Configuration Example of Computer*

<1. Binaural Reproduction Technique>

[0051] First, a binaural reproduction technique using the head-related transfer function (HRTF) will be simply described.

[0052] As described above, the head-related transfer function expresses information associated with sound transmission from every direction surrounding a human head up to both eardrums as a function of a frequency and an incoming direction.

[0053] As illustrated in FIG. 1, in a case where a headphone HD11 presents a combined HRTF from a predetermined direction with respect to a target sound, a listener (hereinafter, simply referred to as a user) feels the sound coming not from the headphone HD11 but from the direction of the HRTF, for example, any one of speakers SP1 to SP8 disposed around the user instead of the headphone HD11.

[0054] Technically defining, the head-related transfer function H(x, .omega.) is obtained by normalizing a transfer characteristic H.sub.1(x, .omega.) from a sound source position x to an eardrum position of the user in a state where the user’s head is in a free space with a transfer characteristic H.sub.0(x, .omega.) from the sound source position x to a head center O in a state where the head is not in the free space. In other words, the head-related transfer function H(x, .omega.) with respect to the sound source position x is obtained by the following Expression (1).

[ MATH . 1 ] H ( x , .omega. ) = H 1 ( x , .omega. ) H 0 ( x , .omega. ) ( 1 ) ##EQU00001##

[0055] If the head-related transfer function H(x, .omega.) is overlapped with any sound signal and presented through the headphone and the like, it is possible to give an illusion to the user as if the sound is heard from a direction of the overlapped head-related transfer function H(x, .omega.), that is, the direction of the sound source position x.

[0056] Further, in a case where the sound is measured in an echoing room for example, instead of the free space, the echoes are contained together with the HRTF. Such a case is generally called a binaural room impulse response (BRIR). However, in this specification, HRTF or the head-related transfer function will be collectively used, if not otherwise mentioned, regardless of whether or not it is the free space and whether or not the normalization is performed by H.sub.0 (x, .omega.).

[0057] The head-related transfer function H(x, .omega.) differs depending on an individual difference caused by a difference between auriculae or head shapes. Therefore, it is desirable that an individual head-related transfer function H(x, .omega.) is measured for each user.

<2. Experimental Result to Verify Effects of Head-Related Transfer Function of User Himself (Herself)>

[0058] An experimental result of the HRTF effect dedicated to the user will be described with reference to FIGS. 2 to 4 compared to a case where the user himself (herself) and an HRTF of another user are considered.

[0059] FIG. 2 is a diagram illustrating an experiment situation.

[0060] In the experiment, ten users are made to be subjects, and the speakers SP21 to SP26 are located at various positions (directions) from the subjects. The HRTF dedicated to the user himself (herself) from the speakers to the subjects are measured. In addition, as an average HRTF of the users, the HRTF is also measured by a dummy head (HATS: Head and Torso Simulator, 4100, made by B&K) as illustrated in FIG. 3.

[0061] A procedure of an evaluation experiment is as follows.

[0062] The subject listens to a sound as a correct direction where the sound is output from each of the speakers SP21 to SP26.

[0063] Next, the subject wears the headphone, listens to a test stimulus, and responds to a localized direction (the direction of each of the virtual speakers SP21 to SP26). As the test stimulus, the subject listens to three types of test stimuli: a test stimulus in which the HRTF of the subject is overlapped to a music signal, a test stimulus in which the HRTF of another subject is overlapped, and the HRTF of the dummy head is overlapped. Herein, as the HRTF of the other subject, the HRTF of the last subject when ten subjects are tested sequentially. The first subject is tested using the HRTF of the last (tenth) subject.

[0064] FIG. 4 is a graph illustrating a result of the evaluation experiment.

[0065] A of FIG. 4 illustrates a response result in a case where the user listens to the test stimulus overlapped with the user’s HRTF.

[0066] B of FIG. 4 illustrates a response result in a case where the user listens to the test stimulus overlapped with the other HRTF.

[0067] C of FIG. 4 illustrates a response result in a case where the user listens to the test stimulus overlapped with the HRTF of the dummy head.

[0068] In the graphs in A to C of FIG. 4, the horizontal axis represents a presented stimulus, and the vertical axis represents a response. The size of circle in the graph is proportional to the number of times of responses. The slanted line in the graph illustrates the straight line of y=x. As the response approaches the straight line, the localization can be made accurately.

[0069] As can be seen from the response results of A to C of FIG. 4, it is found that the stimulus using the user’s HRTF can be localized accurately.

[0070] As described above, it is extremely useful to measure the HRTF dedicated to the user.

[0071] By the way, as a method of measuring the HRTF, as illustrated in FIG. 5, the user is made to sit at the center of a spherical speaker array where the speakers SP1 to SP8 are actually disposed, and the user wears a microphone MC in an ear canal entrance. In this state, a measurement signal sound such as a time stretched pulse (TSP) is sequentially output from each of the speakers SP1 to SP8 for measurement.

[0072] Alternatively, as illustrated in FIG. 6, there is a measurement method in which the measurement signal sound is output in each place while moving the speaker SP using a traverse device TRV to make the speaker SP draw a locus on the spherical surface.

[0073] However, these methods are suitable to a large-scaled measurement system. Therefore, there is a need a method of measuring the HRTF with a simple configuration.

<3. First Embodiment of HRTF Measurement System>

[0074] In the following, the description will be given about an HRTF measurement system for realizing that the head-related transfer function (HRTF) is measured with a simple configuration.

[0075] FIG. 7 illustrates a configuration of a first embodiment of the HRTF measurement system to which the technology of the present disclosure is applied.

[0076] An HRTF measurement system 1 illustrated in FIG. 7 is configured by AR glasses 11, an HRTF measurement device 12, and a speaker 13.

[0077] The AR glasses 11 are glasses which can display an augmented reality (AR) image. The user (subject) who measures the HRTF wears the glasses. The AR glasses 11 display a predetermined AR image within the field of view of the user on the basis of an AR image signal supplied from the HRTF measurement device 12.

[0078] The AR glasses 11 include an angle sensor 21, an operation button 22, and a microphone 23.

[0079] The angle sensor 21 is configured by, for example for example, a gyro sensor (angular velocity sensor), an acceleration sensor, an inertial sensor, a geomagnetic sensor and the like, and is used as a sensor to detect an angle (direction) and a rotation operation of the user’s head with the AR glasses 11. The angle sensor 21 supplies an angle detection signal indicating a detected angle to the HRTF measurement device 12.

[0080] The operation button 22 is configured by, for example, a pressing button, and receives a user’s operation to detect a predetermined timing. The operation button 22 supplies an operation signal corresponding to a detected user’s operation to the HRTF measurement device 12.

[0081] The microphone 23 is worn in the user’s ear, and detects an ambient sound. The microphone 23 detects a sound (measurement sound) for the HRTF measurement which is output from the speaker 13, and supplies a sound signal corresponding to a detected measurement sound to the HRTF measurement device 12. The microphone 23 may have a noise canceling function.

[0082] The HRTF measurement device 12 makes the speaker 13 output the measurement sound, and acquires the sound signal of the measurement sound detected by the microphone 23 to calculate (measure) the HRTF dedicated to the user.

[0083] More specifically, the HRTF measurement device 12 supplies the AR image signal to the AR glasses 11 to display the AR image (guide image) when the HRTF is measured, and displays the AR image in the AR glasses 11. The user moves to a predetermined position (direction) toward the speaker 13 according to the AR image displayed in the AR glasses 11. When it is detected that the user moves to the predetermined position on the basis of the angle detection signal supplied from the angle sensor 21, the HRTF measurement device 12 supplies the measurement signal to the speaker 13 to make the speaker 13 output the measurement sound, and acquires the sound signal of the measurement sound detected by the microphone 23 to calculate (measure) the HRTF dedicated to the user.

[0084] The speaker 13 outputs the measurement sound on the basis of the measurement signal supplied from the HRTF measurement device 12.

[0085] Further, in this embodiment, the angle sensor 21, the operation button 22, and the microphone 23 have been described as being integrally formed to the AR glasses 11 as part of the AR glasses 11. However, these components may be configured separately from the AR glasses 11.

[0086] A procedure of the HRTF measurement of the HRTF measurement system 1 will be described with reference to FIG. 8.

[0087] The HRTF measurement device 12 is configured such that the user takes a turn with respect to one fixed speaker 13 to measure the HRTF at a plurality of measurement angles instead of disposing the plurality of speakers 13 at various angels.

[0088] The HRTF measurement device 12 includes a list (hereinafter, referred to as target list) that stores a direction that the user is to face, the direction corresponding to the angle of the HRTF intended to be measured. In the following, the angle of the HRTF intended to be measured will be called a target angle, and a direction that the user is to face will be called a target direction.

[0089] FIG. 8 illustrates an example in a case where the target list includes sixteen targets TG in target directions TG1 to TG16.

[0090] In this embodiment, for the sake of simplicity in the description, only a horizontal plane passing the user’s head (ear) will be considered. The sixteen target directions TG1 to TG16 are on a circumference with the distance between the user and the speaker 13 as a diameter on the horizontal plane passing the user’s head (ear). In the sixteen target directions TG1 to TG16, a direction BL (hereinafter, referred to as reference direction BL) for reference of the position (direction) of the speaker 13 is set.

[0091] For example, in a case where the HRTF at 90 degree on the right side of the user is measured, the user needs to face toward the direction of 90 degrees on the left of the speaker 13. Therefore, the target direction in a case where the target angle is 90 degrees on the right becomes 90 degrees on the left.

[0092] In this way, if any one of the target angle and the target direction is determined, the other one is determined. Therefore, only the target direction that the user is to face is stored in the target list in this embodiment when the HRTF is measured.

[0093] Further, only the target direction TG may be stored in the target list. However, both the target direction TG and the corresponding target angle may be stored. On the contrary, a plurality of target angles may be stored in the target list.

[0094] The HRTF measurement device 12 sets the reference direction BL on the basis of a user’s operation, and then sets the plurality of target directions TG on the basis of the target list.

[0095] For example, if the user wears the AR glasses 11, a message such as “Face the speaker” is displayed as the AR image. The user faces the speaker 13, and presses the operation button 22. The HRTF measurement device 12 detects the pressing of the operation button 22, sets the currently facing direction of the user to the reference direction BL as a direction where the speaker 13 is, and confirms the sixteen target directions TG1 to TG16.

[0096] The HRTF measurement device 12 displays a front direction FC of the user and the AR image indicating the target direction TGn (any one of n=1 to 16) that the user is to face in the AR glasses 11.

[0097] Then, in a case where the front direction FC of the user and the target direction TGn that the user is to face are matched to each other on the basis of the angle detection signal supplied from the angle sensor 21, the HRTF measurement device 12 makes the speaker 13 output the measurement sound, and acquires a signal (hereinafter, referred to as sound signal) of the measurement sound detected by the microphone 23 to measure the HRTF dedicated to the user in the target direction TGn.

[0098] The above process is performed sequentially on the target directions TG1, TG2, TG3, and so on to measure the HRTFs of the sixteen target directions TG1 to TG16.

[0099] As described above, according to the HRTF measurement system 1, the user takes a turn instead of disposing the plurality of speakers 13 at various angles. Therefore, the HRTF of the entire target angle can be measured even if only one speaker 13 is fixed.

[0100] Further, in the HRTF measurement system 1 of this embodiment, the AR glasses 11 are used. However, a VR head mount display using a virtual reality (VR) technology may be similarly used instead of the AR glasses 11.

[0101] However, in a case where the VR head mount display is used, the user is not able to view the speaker 13 in the state of wearing the VR head mount display. Thus, for example, a voice message such as “Wear the VR head mount display toward the speaker” is output from the speaker 13. When being ready, the user presses the operation button 22 to set the reference direction BL, and can confirm the sixteen target directions TG1 to TG16.

[0102] Alternatively, a sensor is provided in the speaker 13 to detect the VR head mount display, and the HRTF measurement device 12 displays the position (the reference direction BL) of the speaker 13 as a VR image on the basis of the detection result of the sensor, and guides the user to move such that the speaker 13 displayed as the VR image is in the front direction.

[0103] FIG. 9 is a block diagram illustrating a detailed configuration of the AR glasses 11, the HRTF measurement device 12, and the speaker 13 which are included in the HRTF measurement system 1.

[0104] Further, in FIG. 9, the portion corresponding to the above-described portions will be attached with the same symbol, and the description thereof will be appropriately omitted.

[0105] In the AR glasses 11, an AR image display unit 24 is added in addition to the angle sensor 21, the operation button 22, and the microphone 23. The AR image display unit 24 displays the AR image on the basis of the AR image signal supplied from the HRTF measurement device 12.

[0106] The HRTF measurement device 12 includes a microphone amplifier 51, an AD conversion unit 52, a user front direction detection unit 53, a target direction setting unit 54, a display control unit 55, a matching determination unit 56, a DA conversion unit 57, a speaker amplifier 58, an HRTF measurement unit 59, and a recording unit 60.

[0107] The microphone amplifier 51 amplifies an analog sound signal supplied from the microphone 23 and supplies the signal to the AD conversion unit 52. The AD conversion unit 52 converts the analog sound signal supplied from the microphone amplifier 51 into a digital sound signal (AD conversion), and supplies the digital signal to the HRTF measurement unit 59.

[0108] The user front direction detection unit 53 detects (calculates) the front direction FC of the user on the basis of the angle detection signal supplied from the angle sensor 21 of the AR glasses 11, and supplies the front direction to the display control unit 55 and the matching determination unit 56.

[0109] The target direction setting unit 54 acquires the target list recorded in the recording unit 60, sets the target direction TG of the user on the basis of the acquired target list, and supplies the target direction to the display control unit 55, the matching determination unit 56, and the HRTF measurement unit 59.

[0110] The display control unit 55 generates the AR image in which the front direction FC and the target direction TG of the user are displayed with predetermined drawings and marks on the basis of the front direction FC of the user supplied from the user front direction detection unit 53 and the target direction TG of the user supplied from the target direction setting unit 54, and supplies the AR image signal to the AR image display unit 24. The AR image has a function as a guide image to guide the facing direction of the user to the target direction TG. The operation signal output from the operation button 22 of the AR glasses 11 is supplied to the display control unit 55, the HRTF measurement unit 59, and the like.

[0111] The matching determination unit 56 determines whether the facing direction of the user and the target direction TG are matched on the basis of the front direction FC of the user supplied from the user front direction detection unit 53 and the target direction TG of the user supplied from the target direction setting unit 54, and supplies the determination result to the HRTF measurement unit 59.

[0112] The speaker amplifier 58 amplifies the analog measurement signal supplied from the DA conversion unit 57, and supplies the measurement signal to the speaker 13. The DA conversion unit 57 converts the digital measurement signal supplied from the HRTF measurement unit 59 into the analog measurement signal (DA conversion), and supplies the analog measurement signal to the speaker amplifier 58. Herein, examples of the measurement signal include a time stretched pulse (TSP) signal and the like.

[0113] In a case where a determination result indicating that the facing direction of the user is matched to the target direction TG is supplied from the matching determination unit 56, the HRTF measurement unit 59 supplies the measurement signal acquired from the recording unit 60 to the DA conversion unit 57. With this configuration, in a case where the facing direction of the user is matched to the target direction TG, the measurement sound is output from the speaker 13.

[0114] In addition, the HRTF measurement unit 59 acquires the sound signal of the measurement sound supplied from the AD conversion unit 52, calculates an impulse response (HRTF) by performing analysis using an inverse function, and records the impulse response in the recording unit 60.

[0115] The recording unit 60 is configured by, for example, a hard disk drive (HDD), a semiconductor memory or the like, and records data required for measuring the HRTF. Specifically, the recording unit 60 stores, for example, the target list in which a plurality of target directions TG with respect to the reference direction BL is listed, sound data (measurement signal) of the measurement sound, and the HRTF of each target direction TG of each user created on the basis of the measurement sound acquired by the microphone 23.

[0116] The AR glasses 11, the HRTF measurement device 12, and the speaker 13 are configured as described above.

[0117] Further, a control signal, a sound signal, or an image signal exchanged between the AR glasses 11, the HRTF measurement device 12, and the speaker 13 may be transferred by a wired communication using a high-definition multimedia (HDMI, registered trademark) cable, a universal serial bus (USB) cable or the like, or may be transferred by a wireless communication such as Bluetooth (registered trademark) or a Wi-Fi.

[0118] In addition, the HRTF measurement device 12 may be integrally configured to any one of the AR glasses 11 or the speaker 13.

[0119] Next, an HRTF measurement process of the HRTF measurement system 1 according to the first embodiment will be described with reference to a flowchart of FIG. 10. This process starts, for example, when the user (measurement subject) wears the AR glasses 11 and presses the operation button 22 to give an instruction on the start of measurement.

[0120] First, in step S1, the target direction setting unit 54 acquires the target list recorded in the recording unit 60.

[0121] In step S2, the display control unit 55 supplies the AR image signal indicating a message “Face the speaker and press the operation button” to the AR image display unit 24 of the AR glasses 11. With this configuration, the AR image display unit 24 of the AR glasses 11 displays the AR image which displays the message “Face the speaker and press the operation button”.

[0122] In step S3, the display control unit 55 determines whether the operation button is pressed on the basis of the operation signal from the AR glasses 11, and is on standby until it is determined that the operation button 22 is pressed.

[0123] Then, in a case where it is determined in step S3 that the operation button 22 is pressed, the process proceeds to step S4. The display control unit 55 sets the current angle (direction) indicated by the angle detection signal supplied from the angle sensor 21 to the reference direction BL.

[0124] In step S5, the target direction setting unit 54 sets a predetermined target direction TGn (n=1, 2, 3, … ) on the basis of the acquired target list.

[0125] Further, in step S5 immediately after the reference direction BL is set, a variable n to designate the predetermined target direction TGn among the plurality of target directions TG listed in the target list is set to 1. Therefore, in the first step S5, the target direction TG1 is set.

[0126] In step S6, the user front direction detection unit 53 calculates the front direction FC of the user on the basis of the angle detection signal supplied from the angle sensor 21 of the AR glasses 11, and supplies the front direction to the display control unit 55 and the matching determination unit 56.

[0127] In step S7, the display control unit 55 generates the AR image indicating the target direction TGn and the front direction FC of the user on the basis of the set target direction TGn and the front direction FC of the user supplied from the user front direction detection unit 53, and supplies the AR image signal to the AR image display unit 24. The AR image display unit 24 of the AR glasses 11 displays the AR image which indicates the target direction TG and the front direction FC of the user.

[0128] In step S8, the matching determination unit 56 determines whether the facing direction of the user is matched to the target direction TGn on the basis of the front direction FC of the user supplied from the user front direction detection unit 53 and the target direction TGn of the user which is set by the target direction setting unit 54.

[0129] In step S8, in a case where it is determined that an angle difference between the front direction FC and the target direction TGn of the user falls within a predetermined range, it is determined that the facing direction of the user and the target direction TGn are matched.

[0130] In step S8, in a case where it is determined that the facing direction of the user is not matched to the target direction TGn, the process returns to step S8. With this configuration, the AR image indicating the front direction FC of the user and the target direction TG is updated until it is determined that the facing direction of the user is matched to the target direction TGn, and displayed in the AR glasses 11.

[0131] Then, in step S8, in a case where it is determined that the facing direction of the user is matched to the target direction TGn, the process proceeds to step S9. The matching determination unit 56 supplies the determination result indicating the matching to the HRTF measurement unit 59. The HRTF measurement unit 59 outputs the measurement sound from the speaker 13. In other words, the HRTF measurement unit 59 supplies the measurement signal acquired from the recording unit 60 to the DA conversion unit 57. The measurement signal is subjected to the DA conversion and amplified, supplied to the speaker 13, and output from the speaker 13 as the measurement sound.

[0132] Next, in step S10, the HRTF measurement unit 59 acquires the sound signal of the measurement sound detected by the microphone 23 of the AR glasses 11, and measures the HRTF in the target direction TGn. In other words, the HRTF measurement unit 59 acquires the sound signal of the measurement sound supplied through the microphone amplifier 51 and the AD conversion unit 52 from the microphone 23 of the AR glasses 11, and calculates the impulse response by performing analysis using an inverse function, and records the impulse response in the recording unit 60.

[0133] In step S11, the HRTF measurement unit 59 determines whether the HRTF is measured for all the target directions TG of the target list.

[0134] In step S11, in a case where it is determined that the HRTF is not measured for all the target directions TG of the target list, the process proceeds to step S12. The target direction setting unit 54 increments the variable n designating the target direction TGn by 1. Thereafter, the process returns to step S5. In step S5, the updated target direction TGn is set, and the subsequent processes are repeated.

[0135] On the other hand, in a case where it is determined in step S11 that the HRTF is measured for all the target directions TG of the target list, the HRTF measurement process ends.

[0136] The HRTF measurement system 1 performs the HRTF measurement process as described above, so that a desired HRTF can be measured only using one fixed speaker 13.

[0137] With this configuration, the HRTF of all the periphery dedicated to an individual can be simply acquired only by one speaker 13. Therefore, it is possible to more simply acquire the HRTF of an individual.

[0138] In the above-described HRTF measurement process, the HRTF measurement (the output of the measurement sound) starts automatically in a case where the facing direction of the user is matched to the target direction TGn. However, the HRTF measurement may start at a timing when the operation button 22 is pressed by the user to make the button operated. In this case, the user can determine a measurement start timing.

[0139] In addition, the movement of the user’s head is monitored during the HRTF measurement in the above-described HRTF measurement process. In a case where any of a displacement, a speed, an acceleration, and the like is deviated from a predetermined range, the measurement may be corrected.

[0140] In the above example, the plurality of target directions TG measuring the HRTF is set by reading the target list recorded in the recording unit 60. However, an operation unit such as a keyboard or a touch panel may be used for the user to input.

[0141] Next, a display example of the AR image displayed in the AR glasses 11 in the HRTF measurement process of the first embodiment will be described.

[0142] FIG. 11 illustrates an example of the image indicating the target direction TG and the image indicating the front direction FC of the user which are displayed in the AR image indicating the target direction TG and the front direction FC of the user in a case where the user is made to face in predetermined the target direction TG.

[0143] For example, as illustrated in FIG. 11, an image 71 indicating the target direction TG is displayed with a circle mark “.smallcircle.” (image), and an image 72 indicating the front direction FC of the user is displayed with a cross mark “.times.” (image).

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