Qualcomm Patent | Error Concealment in Virtual Reality System

Patent: Error Concealment in Virtual Reality System

Publication Number: 20190037244

Publication Date: 2019-01-31

Applicants: Qualcomm

Abstract

Example techniques are described for image processing. Processing circuitry may warp image content of a previous frame based on pose information of a device when the device requested image content information of the previous frame and pose information of the device when the device requested image content information of a current frame to generate warped image content, and blend image content from the warped image content with image content of the current frame to generate an error concealed frame. A display screen may display image content based on the error concealed frame.

Background

Split-rendered systems may include at least one host device and at least one client device that communicate over a network (e.g., a wireless network, wired network, etc.). For example, a Wi-Fi Direct (WFD) system includes multiple devices communicating over a Wi-Fi network. The host device acts as a wireless access point and sends image content information, which may include audio video (AV) data, audio data, and/or video data, to one or more client devices participating in a particular peer-to-peer (P2P) group communication session using one or more wireless communication standards, e.g., IEEE 802.11. The image content information may be played back at the client devices. More specifically, each of the participating client devices processes the received image content information for presentation on its display screen and audio equipment. In addition, the host device may perform at least some processing of the image content information for presentation on the client devices.

The host device and one or more of the client devices may be either wireless devices or wired devices with wireless communication capabilities. In one example, as wired devices, one or more of the host device and the client devices may comprise televisions, monitors, projectors, set-top boxes, DVD or Blu-Ray Disc players, digital video recorders, laptop or desktop personal computers, video game consoles, and the like, that include wireless communication capabilities. In another example, as wireless devices, one or more of the host device and the client devices may comprise mobile telephones, portable computers with wireless communication cards, personal digital assistants (PDAs), portable media players, or other flash memory devices with wireless communication capabilities, including so-called “smart” phones and “smart” pads or tablets, or other types of wireless communication devices (WCDs).

In some examples, at least one of the client devices may comprise a wearable display device. A wearable display device may comprise any type of wired or wireless display device that is worn on a user’s body. As an example, the wearable display device may comprise a wireless head-worn display or wireless head-mounted display (WHMD) that is worn on a user’s head in order to position one or more display screens in front of the user’s eyes. The host device is typically responsible for performing at least some processing of the image content information for display on the wearable display device. The wearable display device is typically responsible for preparing the image content information for display at the wearable display device.

Summary

In general, this disclosure relates to techniques for concealing errors in a virtual reality system. At times, image content information transmitted by a host device may be dropped or error-filled so that all of the image content of a current frame cannot be reconstructed at the client device. To fill in image content, of the current frame, that was not reconstructed, this disclosure describes warping image content of a previous frame based on pose information of a previous frame and pose information of the current frame to generate a warped frame. Processing circuitry may utilize this warped frame for purposes of filling in missing image content in the current frame. In this way, the processing circuitry performs error concealment with a previous frame that is warped based on pose information resulting in a better estimate of the missing image content as compared to techniques that do not rely on pose information.

In one example, this disclosure describes a method of image processing, the method comprising warping image content of a previous frame based on pose information of a device when the device requested image content information of the previous frame and pose information of the device when the device requested image content information of a current frame to generate warped image content, blending image content from the warped image content with image content of the current frame to generate an error concealed frame, and displaying image content based on the error concealed frame.

In one example, this disclosure describes a device for image processing, the device comprising processing circuitry configured to warp image content of a previous frame based on pose information of a device when the device requested image content information of the previous frame and pose information of the device when the device requested image content information of a current frame to generate warped image content, and blend image content from the warped image content with image content of the current frame to generate an error concealed frame, and a display screen configured to display image content based on the error concealed frame.

In one example, this disclosure describes a computer-readable storage medium storing instructions thereon that when executed cause one or more processors to warp image content of a previous frame based on pose information of a device when the device requested image content information of the previous frame and pose information of the device when the device requested image content information of a current frame to generate warped image content, blend image content from the warped image content with image content of the current frame to generate an error concealed frame, and display image content based on the error concealed frame.

In one example, this disclosure describes a device for image processing, the device comprising means for warping image content of a previous frame based on pose information of a device when the device requested image content information of the previous frame and pose information of the device when the device requested image content information of a current frame to generate warped image content, means for blending image content from the warped image content with image content of the current frame to generate an error concealed frame, and means for displaying image content based on the error concealed frame.

The details of one or more examples of the disclosure are set forth in the accompanying drawings and the description below. Other features, objects, and advantages will be apparent from the description, drawings, and claims.

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