Facebook Patent | Channel cut backlight for liquid crystal display

Patent: Channel cut backlight for liquid crystal display

Publication Number: 10175414

Publication Date: 2019-01-08

Applicants: Facebook

Abstract

A liquid crystal display (LCD) device a LCD panel and a segmented backlight for illuminating the LCD panel. The backlight includes a light guide having an array of light channels. The array of light channels is defined by an array of notches on the bottom surface of the light guide. Light emitting diodes (LEDs) are disposed along the side surface of the light guide to emit light in a first direction into the array of light channels of the light guide. The array of light channels receives the light from the LEDs and directs the light in a second direction from the top surface of the light guide toward the LCD panel. One or more LEDs may selectively emit light into each light channel. The notches defined between light channels controls light leakage across adjacent light channels.

Background

Backlights are disposed behind liquid crystal display (LCD) panels to illuminate the pixels of the LCD panel. A segmented backlight allows for selective activation of different portions of the backlight, and thus provides for illumination of different portions of the LCD panel. The segmented backlight includes boundaries between backlight portions that prevent light propagation across backlight portions, resulting in dark lines being formed on the LCD panel when the segmented backlight illuminates the LCD Panel.

Summary

A liquid crystal display (LCD) device includes a backlight with a channel cut light guide. The backlight (also referred to herein as a “channel cut backlight” based on including the channel cut light guide) is disposed behind the LCD and provides illumination to the pixels of the LCD panel. The backlight is a segmented in the sense that individual portions of the backlight can be separately illuminated, thereby providing selective illumination for different portions of the LCD panel. The channel cut light guide (also referred to herein as “light guide”) includes an array of light channels defined by an array of notches on the bottom surface of the light guide. The backlight includes an array of lighting sources (e.g., light emitting diodes (LEDs)) that can be separately switched on or off, with different light sources emitting light into different light channels. As the light emitted into the light channel propagates along the width of the light guide, the light is substantially confined within the light channel with minimal leakage to adjacent light channels, and is directed from the top surface of the light guide to a portion of the LCD panel. To improve the smoothness of boundary transitions for segmented backlights and prevent the formation of dark lines at the boundary transitions, the light channel permits some leakage of light into the adjacent light channels, but confines the leakage to the adjacent light channels to provide selective segmentation.

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