Microsoft Patent | Temperature Compensation for Structured Light Depth Imaging System

Patent: Temperature Compensation for Structured Light Depth Imaging System

Publication Number: 20190005664

Publication Date: 2019-01-03

Applicants: Microsoft

Abstract

Disclosed are an apparatus and a method of compensating temperature shifts of a structured light pattern for a depth imaging system. In some embodiments, a depth imaging device includes a light source, an imaging sensor and a processor. The light source emits light corresponding to a pattern. A temperature drift of the light source can cause a shift of the pattern. The imaging sensor receives the light reflected by environment in front of the depth imaging device and generates a depth map including a plurality of pixel values corresponding to depths of the environment relative to the depth imaging device. The processor estimates the shift of the pattern based on a polynomial model depending on the temperature drift of the light source. The processor further adjusts the depth map based on the shift of the pattern.

Background

Depth sensing technology can be used to determine a person’s location in relation to nearby objects or to generate an image of a person’s immediate environment in three dimensions (3D). One application in which depth sensing technology may be used is in head-mounted display (HMD) devices and other types of near-eye display (NED) devices. Depth sensing technology can employ a stereo vision, time-of-flight (ToF) or structured light depth camera. Such a device can create a map of physical surfaces in the user’s environment (called a depth image or depth map) and, if desired, to render a 3D image of the user’s environment.

A depth sensing system (also referred to as depth imaging system) can include a light source for providing structured light. Structured light is a process of projecting a known pattern of light onto a scene. The light is reflected by the scene and captured by a depth sensing camera ( ). The light pattern captured by the depth sensing camera is different from the original known pattern because of the reflection by the scene, that is, the light pattern captured by the imaging camera is “deformed.” Based on the differences between the deformed pattern and the known original pattern, the depth sensing system can calculate the depth information of the scene. However, the light pattern being captured can be further deformed due to factors other than the scene. For example, a temperature drift of a light source can cause a shift of the light pattern. Such a shift of the light pattern tends to cause systematic bias of the calculated depth information of the scene.

Summary

Introduced here are at least one apparatus and at least one method (collectively and individually, “the technique introduced here”) for compensating for temperature shifts of a structured light pattern of a depth imaging system. In some embodiments, a depth imaging device includes a light source, an imaging sensor and a processor. The light source emits light corresponding to a pattern. A temperature drift of the light source can cause a shift of the illumination dot pattern. The imaging sensor receives the light reflected by environment in front of the depth imaging device and generates a depth map including a plurality of pixel values corresponding to depths of the environment relative to the depth imaging device. The processor estimates the shift of the pattern based on a polynomial model depending on the temperature drift of the light source. The processor further adjusts the depth map based on the shift of the pattern.

In certain embodiments, the polynomial model can be a global model that includes a first polynomial to predict shifts in a first direction and a second polynomial to predict shifts in a second direction. Each of the first and second polynomials includes a plurality of cubic terms. Each of the cubic terms includes a product of multiplying three variables that include a temperature drift from a reference temperature, a x-coordinate in a reference image corresponding to the pattern, or a y-coordinate in the reference image.

In certain embodiments, the polynomial model can be an individual regression model. The individual regression model includes a plurality of polynomial sets. Each of the polynomial sets predicts a shift of one of the objects of the pattern due to temperature drift. Each of the polynomial sets including a polynomial to estimate a shift along a first direction and another polynomial to estimate a shift along a second direction.

Other aspects of the disclosed embodiments will be apparent from the accompanying figures and detailed description.

This Summary is provided to introduce a selection of concepts in a simplified form that are further explained below in the Detailed Description. This Summary is not intended to identify key features or essential features of the claimed subject matter, nor is it intended to be used to limit the scope of the claimed subject matter.

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