Nvidia Patent | System and Method for Near-Eye Light Field Rendering for Wide Field of View Interactive Three-Dimensional Computer Graphics

Patent: System and Method for Near-Eye Light Field Rendering for Wide Field of View Interactive Three-Dimensional Computer Graphics

Publication Number: 20180373200

Publication Date: 2018-12-27

Applicants: Nvidia

Abstract

A method for rendering a light field comprises projecting rays from a viewpoint positioned at a first side of a spatial light modulator (SLM) to a clipping plane positioned at an opposing side of the SLM to form an elemental view frustum within a three-dimensional scene and rendering objects within the elemental view frustum to generate components of a first elemental image for the first elemental region. The SLM may include a tiled array of non-overlapping elemental regions and a top edge and a bottom edge of a first elemental region of the non-overlapping elemental regions are intersected by the rays to form the elemental view frustum. Furthermore, the light field may include the first elemental image and additional elemental images corresponding to the array of elemental regions and each one of the additional elemental images is rendered using an additional elemental view frustum.

Background

Creating a comfortable visual experience is important to the success of modern virtual reality (VR) and augmented reality (AR) systems. A wide field of view, high resolution, interactivity, view-dependent occlusion, and continuous focus cues are significant features for providing a comfortable visual experience. However, conventional VR systems typically fail to provide many of these features, resulting in user discomfort. Thus, there is a need for addressing these issues and/or other issues associated with the prior art.

Summary

A method, computer readable medium, and system are configured to render a light field. The method comprises projecting rays from a viewpoint positioned at a first side of a spatial light modulator (SLM) to a clipping plane positioned at an opposing side of the SLM to form an elemental view frustum within a three-dimensional scene. Objects within the elemental view frustum are rendered to generate components of a first elemental image for the first elemental region. In one embodiment, the SLM is tiled with an array of elemental regions and a top edge and a bottom edge of a first elemental region of the non-overlapping elemental regions are intersected by the rays to form the elemental view frustum. In certain embodiments, the light field includes the first elemental image and additional elemental images corresponding to the array of elemental regions and each one of the additional elemental images is rendered using an additional elemental view frustum.

The computer readable medium includes instructions that, when executed by a processing unit, perform the method. Furthermore, the system includes circuitry configured to perform the method.

A second method, second computer readable medium, and second system are configured to render a light field. The second method comprises computing a lateral offset between a view position and a spatial light modulator (SLM) based on a size of the SLM and a width of a holographic element. A three-dimensional scene is rendered from the view position to produce an array of elemental images. In one embodiment, an array of holographic elements covers a surface of the SLM.

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